How is color fastness rated?
How is color fastness rated?
Updated by lab qinsun 6 months ago
Most of the current color fastness test methods are simulated tests or comprehensive tests according to the environment and conditions of the action, and the fastness grades are evaluated according to the discoloration of the samples after the test and the staining of the lining fabric. What is more special is that the color fastness to light is rated by the blue label, while the color fastness to dry cleaning is rated for solvent staining.
In the rating of color fastness, it is necessary to comprehensively evaluate the changes of the three attributes of color, that is, the changes of hue, lightness and purity. Hue refers to the appearance of color. Among the three attributes, hue can be used to distinguish colors. According to different wavelengths of light, colors have properties such as red, yellow or green, which are called hues. Depending on the degree of reflection of light on the surface of the object, the degree of light and shade of the color will be different, and the degree of light and shade of this color is called lightness. Purity refers to the degree of saturation of the color. The simpler the wavelength of the light wave, the higher the hue purity, and vice versa.
Color fastness rating can be divided into eye rating and instrument rating. When rating eyes, it requires the background to be neutral gray, approximately between the 1st and 2nd level of the gray sample card (approximately Munsell color card N5). The lighting conditions should be sunny northern daylight (9:00-15:00), or an equivalent light source with an illuminance of 600lx and above, the incident light and the textile surface should be at an angle of about 45º, the viewing direction should be roughly perpendicular to the textile surface, cover the original and The color of the panels of the samples after the test should be the same, neutral color or gray or black should be used, and the size and shape are roughly the same. The graders should wear neutral gray overalls, and the grading process should avoid the influence of environmental colors.
Color fastness rating: compare the test sample with the original one, and see that the degree of discoloration is the closest to that of the gray card.
Staining Fastness Rating: The tested lining is compared with the untested lining to obtain the closest staining grade.
The working principle of the * color fastness tester* [[https://www.qinsun-lab.com/1697.html]] () is to use the absolute reflectance of a known standard whiteboard to calibrate, measure the spectral power distribution reflected by the sample or its own reflection Then, according to the spectral measurement data, the tristimulus values, chromaticity coordinates, CIELAB uniform color space, etc. of the object under the standard illuminator are calculated, and are converted into the gray card series of discoloration and color fastness through a series of formulas.
Sometimes when I look at the report, I will have questions. Why is the test result of the color fastness to soaping and discoloration displayed on the test report grade 3, and the standard requirement is ≥3-4, or is it judged to be unqualified? Is the report judged wrong?
In fact, the result is correct. The grade 3-4 of the color fastness evaluation is not an interval in general mathematical concepts, it is a series, which means that the test result is between grades 3 and 4.